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Abraham Lincoln Birthplace
Abraham Lincoln Birthplace National Historical Park is two separate farm sites in LaRue County, Kentucky, where Abraham Lincoln was born and lived early in his childhood. He was born at the Sinking Spring site south of Hodgenville and remained there until the family moved to the Knob Creek Farm northeast of Hodgenville when he was 2 years old, living there until he was 7. The parks include both the farmsteads associated with each residence as well as collaborating sites nearby, which recall other chapters from Lincoln's life in Kentucky. These parks tell the story of Abraham Lincoln's formative years and include historic structures, artifact collections, living history demonstrations and educational programs. Visitors can tour both the birth cabin site and Knob Creek Farm. It’s a great place to walk in the footsteps of one of America's most beloved presidents, and gain a better understanding of the man who shaped our nation's destiny.
Adams National Historical Park in Quincy, Massachusetts is the original home of two American presidents John Adams and John Quincy Adams, and subsequent generations of their descendants. The national historical park's eleven buildings tell the story of five generations of the Adams family (from 1720 to 1927), including their ideas, values, and achievements in public service, diplomacy, literature, and education. Adams and his descendants would go on to play leading roles in the American Revolution, the founding of the United States, and the development of American democracy. The Old House was the birthplace of John Adams in 1735 and the family home until 1800 when John Adams became the first president to live in the White House. The Stone Library is where John Quincy Adams wrote his diary (spanning from 1779 until 1848) and developed his extensive book collection, which is now considered one of the finest private collections in the world. Together with other historic sites, museums, archives, and libraries-the park helps tell the story of America's past and its continuing journey toward a more perfect union.
- New York
African Burial Ground
Located in Lower Manhattan, New York City, the African Burial Ground National Monument contains the remains of more than 419 Africans buried during the late 17th and 18th centuries in a portion of what was the largest colonial-era cemetery for people of African descent, some free, most enslaved. Historians estimate there may have been as many as 10,000–20,000 burials in what was called the Negroes Burial Ground in the 18th century. The 5 to 6-acre site's excavation and study was called "the most important historic urban archaeological project in the United States." The Burial Ground site is New York's earliest known African-American cemetery; studies show an estimated 15,000 African American people were buried here.
Allegheny Portage Railroad
The Allegheny Portage Railroad was the first railroad to circumvent the Allegheny Mountains, and it was the finishing piece of the Pennsylvania Main Line Canal. The system was primarily used as a portage railway, hauling river boats and barges over the divide between the Ohio and the Susquehanna Rivers. It opened in 1834, marking the first time that there was one, direct route between Philadelphia and Pittsburgh. The Allegheny Portage Railroad served merchants, passengers, slaves in pursuit of freedom, and soldiers from the Mexican War.
Commemorating a dark chapter in American history, the Amache National Historic Site in southeastern Colorado was one of 10 incarceration sites for Japanese Americans during World War II. From 1942-45, over 10,000 people of Japanese descent - most US citizens - were detained here under the War Relocation Authority established by President Franklin D. Roosevelt. In all, more than 120,000 people were yanked from their homes and moved into government-run camps while America was at war with Japan. Many endured harsh and overcrowded conditions, despite military propaganda that portrayed the camps as benign. Today, the original foundations of Amache are visible on the landscape. The site also has a cemetery and several reconstructed buildings from the camp era.
- Northern Mariana Islands
American Memorial Park
American Memorial Park park honors the American servicemen and Chamorro and Carolinian civilians who were killed in the World War II battles between the United States and Japan that took place on Saipan, Tinian and the Philippine Sea in 1944. Situated on the island of Saipan in the Marianas, the memorials at the park are beautiful and moving, and they stand as a testament to the courage and sacrifice of those who lost their lives in the fighting. The park is also a reminder of the horrific cost of war, and it is a place where visitors can reflect on the human capacity for both destructive violence and selfless heroism.
Anasazi State Park Museum
The Anasazi State Park Museum in southern Utah displays archeological finds from an Ancestral Puebloan (Anasazi) village that dates from A.D. 1050 to 1200. One of the largest communities west of the Colorado River and located near the presumed border of the Ancestral Puebloan and Fremont cultures, the Coombs Village Site reflects a fascinating blend of traits from the two cultures. This intriguing fusion is evident not only in the recovered artifacts but also in the architecture found at the site. The presence of elements from various branches of the Ancestral Puebloan suggests a flourishing and expansive trade network during ancient times. Visitors can explore a life-sized, six-room replica of an ancient dwelling.
Andersonville National Historic Site preserves the former Andersonville Prison, also known as Camp Sumter, a Confederate prisoner-of-war camp during the final 14 months of the American Civil War. The prison was built in February 1864 to relieve overcrowding at other Confederate prisons and held more than 45,000 Union soldiers. Almost 13,000 Union captives died from disease, malnutrition, exposure, or overcrowding, and are buried in the Andersonville National Cemetery, where veterans continue to be buried today. The site also houses the National Prisoner of War Museum, a testament to the plight of prisoners of war.
Andrew Johnson NHS
The Andrew Johnson National Historic Site in Tennessee was established to honor the 17th president of the United States, who became president after Abraham Lincoln was assassinated. The site includes two of Johnson's homes, his tailor shop and his grave site within the Andrew Johnson National Cemetery. The cemetery also includes the graves of Johnson's wife, Eliza McCardle Johnson, and son, Colonel Robert Johnson. David T. Patterson, who served as Johnson's private secretary during his time as president, is also buried at the site.
Antietam National Battlefield commemorates the Civil War battle that occurred on September 17, 1862. Situated on fields among the Appalachian foothills near the Potomac River, the battle resulted in over 23,000 casualties. The battlefield is one of the best-preserved of all Civil War battlefields. A driving tour is an easy way to take in many of the sights.
The Arkansas Post National Memorial commemorates the complex history of several cultures and time periods along the Arkansas River: the Quapaw, French settlers who were the first colonists to inhabit the small entrepôt, the short period of Spanish rule, an American Revolutionary War skirmish in 1783, the settlement's role as the first territorial capital of Arkansas, and finally its transformation into a state park in 1918.
Arlington House, The Robert E. Lee Memorial, is a Greek Revival-style mansion located in Arlington, Virginia, that was once the home of Confederate Army General Robert E. Lee. It overlooks the Potomac River and the National Mall in Washington, D.C. During the American Civil War, the grounds of the mansion were selected as the site of Arlington National Cemetery, and the house itself became a memorial to Lee after his death in 1870. Today, Arlington House is open to the public as a museum operated by the National Park Service.